PLEASANT NEWS has been received because of the lockdown. The banks of the Chambal river flowing in the border of Dholpur district of Rajasthan have been choked with newborn Gavialis gangeticus which is also known as Gharial in Asian countries. The National Chambal Century is buzzing with the sound of baby gharial these days. This time thousands of Gavialis gangeticus have taken birth. This is the first time that such a large number of Gharial was born. The special thing is that these gharials belong to the rare dinosaur species. Gavialis gangeticus are on the verge of extinction from the world. In such a situation, it is a pleasant news to have a good number in the Chambal river.
In the 435 km area of Chambal river, there is a sanctuary for Ghariyals. They make a lot of efforts to protect the crocodiles and increase their population in the Wah area of Agra district in Uttar Pradesh along with Border Dholpur and Deori in Madhya Pradesh. The number of Gharials in the Chambal river at the present time is 1859. If you add the number of new-born Gharials, then the counting will be around three thousand. The family of crocodiles in the Chambal River has been steadily growing since the lockdown.
1188 eggs in the Deori Sanctuary Center and Dholpur range of Madhya Pradesh, baby gharials have emerged safely. The remaining 512 eggs are still left from which the baby gharials are yet to be born. Whereas in the Wah area, a lot of eggs have been hatched. Only when newborn crocodiles are 1.2 meters in length, they are released into the Chambal River. If they are short in length, they are kept in the Deori sanctuary center and after completion, they are released in the Chambal river.
Before 1980, a survey of gharials of Indian species was done, in which only 40 gharials were found in Chambal river. While their number increased to 435 in 1980. Since then this area was declared a Gharial sanctuary area and the government made several efforts for its upbringing. Every year 200 eggs are laid at Deori center, which are brought from different ghats of the river. Their hatching takes place there. Whereas in the Dholpur range, crocodiles lay thousands of eggs on the ghats like Shankarpura, Andavapurani, Harigir Baba, etc. And now the eggs have been hatched.
There is an atmosphere of happiness among the people of the area, seeing the sight of baby gharials jumping in the flock on the banks of these ghats of Chambal. For the first time in the Chambal river, thousands of children of Gharial have been born. On seeing them, the faces of the officials of Chambal Century are also happy. The Chambal River is currently home to gharials and 710 crocodiles and 68 other animals, including dolphins.
The reproduction period of a gharial lasts from April to June. In May-June, the female digs a pit of 30 to 40 cm in sand and lays 40 to 70 eggs. After about a month, the children call the mother from the eggs, for which female gharial removes from the sand and takes out the children and takes them to the Chambal river. Children of gharial at Dhaulpur range and Deori center have to struggle on many levels to save their lives. However, the biggest threat remains the Chambal river, the lifeline. The children of many gharial also die in its mainstream.
The forest guard Santosh Maurya of the National Chambal Sanctuary in Dholpur said that the most damage occurs during the rainy days. Apart from this, other carnivorous aquatic creatures including eagles, crows, snakes, crocodiles remain vulnerable. Gharial is a very rare Shuda forest creature and has disappeared from almost everywhere in the world. The highest number is found in India itself and the maximum number is in Chambal river.